The Paris Agreement, like most other international agreements, goes through three phases before entering into force: adoption, signature and accession. One possibility, they say, is to immediately suspend the CMA and continue to work on the Marrakesh rules, as if the agreement had not entered into force, i.e. with the participation of all countries, whether they have ratified it or not. The World Resources Institute, a Washington DC-based think tank, has detailed information on the options available and how they might work. The agreement will not enter into force immediately. The Paris agreement provides that this will be done 30 days after exceeding both thresholds. The UN says it will be November 4. “It also brings new urgency to the many issues that governments are advancing to ensure the full implementation of the agreement,” she added. “This includes developing a set of rules for the implementation of the agreement and how international cooperation and much larger financial flows can accelerate and develop national plans to combat climate change,” she added. As soon as the Paris Agreement enters into force, technical discussions will begin within the framework of the “Conference of the Parties which serves as a meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement” (CMA). Thanks to the rapid entry into force, this will take place in November in Marrakech, the “COP22”.
For the purposes of determining entry into force, Article 21 of the Paris Agreement provides for the UNFCCC secretariat to publish a list of the most up-to-date emissions data provided by the contracting parties. For many parties, the percentage of programming in this table does not reflect their current programming. This is because developing countries have recently been required to report their national emissions on a regular basis. This will change under the Paris Agreement, as all countries are required to submit a regular national emissions inventory report. The Paris climate agreement will enter into force on 4 November 2016. It is not necessary for a statute that comes into force to remain in force until it is repealed; it can be explicitly cancelled and perhaps come back later.