In this example, entity A does not take into account conditional rents estimated at $225,000 in the first calculation of rental liabilities. Instead, they are used for profit or loss when due. On the other hand, a capital lease is more like a long-term loan or a property. The asset is considered to be the property of the lessor and is recorded in the balance sheet. Leasing is recorded as a debt. They flow down over time and generate interest charges. Other features are: Unit X sells a building to Unit Y for $5 million. Just prior to the transaction, the book value of the property in Company X`s annual accounts was $3.5 million. At the same time, X enters into a contract with Y for the right to use the building for 20 years, with annual payments of $200,000 at the end of each year. The terms of sale are such that the transfer of the building by X meets the requirements of the performance commitment in IFRS 15 – Proceeds from the turnover of contracts with customers. As a result, X and Y`s transactions are accounted for as lease sales and repayments. Given IFRS 15, the “sale” B treatment would almost certainly view the rental of the building as a business lease. This means that B would recognize the “rents” of $159,878 as income.
Under ASC 840, operating leasing expenses were recorded in the profit and loss account using the line method. Below 842, rental costs remain accounted for as a single rental charge, in a straight line. This means that the switch to the new leasing standard for an operational leasing contract will not affect the income statement. Since leasing expenses are individual expenses, interest on this type of leasing is not calculated and EBITDA is not changed. Finally, leasing liability is not considered debt, which means that debts remain unchanged. The graph below is a simplified graph that summarizes the impact of the financing and leasing key on net income, EBITDA, debt and balance sheet. An essential feature of a lease is that there is an “identified asset.” This is usually done by the installation specified in a contract or as part of a contract. In order for the asset to be “identified,” the asset provider must not have the right to replace the asset with an alternative asset for the duration of its useful life. The fact that the asset provider has the right or obligation to replace the asset when a remedy is necessary does not preclu herself from the asset being an “identified asset.” For ROU assets, the difference between leasing and operational leasing is 1) if the amortization of the asset is considered a depreciation or amortization charge or not, and 2) the calculation of the periodic item. If you have concluded that you do not have a lease under IAS 17 and IFRIC 4, you can also apply the practical purpose and not apply IFRS 16 to these contracts.