If we think about the global and regional acceptance of BIS, we must recognize that the demand for what Beijing offers is necessary. What does this mean for Australia? First of all, the economic zones of the Victorian government are not legally binding and very vague, and if we look at the regions of Chinese domestic policy from this perspective, we can understand them more fully than The One China, which is trying to expand its economic influence. In 2018, the Prime Minister of Victoria, south-east Australia, Daniel Andrews, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the Belt and Road Initiative to establish unfa more and other relations with China.   Interior Minister Peter Dutton called BIS a “Chinese propaganda initiative” that brings “a huge amount of foreign interference” and “Victoria must explain why it is the only state in the country to have concluded this agreement.” Premier Scott Morrison said Victoria is entering the political realm of the federal government: “We did not support this decision when they made [the agreement]. And issues related to national interests in foreign affairs are determined by the federal government, and I respect its jurisdiction when it comes to the issues for which they are responsible, and it has always been customary for states to respect and recognize the role of the federal government in defining foreign policy.   India. India has tried to convince countries that the BIS is a plan to dominate Asia and warns against a geoeconomic strategy that some analysts call “String of Pearls,” in which China creates unsustainable debt for its Indian Ocean neighbors to take control of regional choking points. New Delhi, in particular, has long been troubled by China`s decades of accolades to its traditional rival, Pakistan. Meanwhile, India has provided its own development assistance to its neighbours, including Afghanistan, where it has spent $3 billion on infrastructure projects. In October 2018, Victorian Prime Minister Daniel Andrews signed a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with China`s National Development and Reform Commission to cooperate with the BIS. Andrews sees this controversial initiative, but it offers great opportunities for the state`s economic and financial growth, such as creating jobs and trade opportunities and attracting investment.
In October 2019, Andrews signed a non-binding “framework agreement” to set out certain guidelines for the implementation of the OME. One of the main objectives of the agreement is to encourage Victorian infrastructure companies in China and participate in third-party markets. Similarly, the agreement encourages Chinese companies to tender for projects in Victoria.